体育外围

校友天地
校友天地
当前位置: 体育外围   校友天地
ACL终生成就奖李生教授: 自然语言处理研究的五点体会
发布人: 刘志铭  发布时间: 2020-05-06   浏览次数:4029

2019年1月,北京语言大学语言资源高精尖创新中心与中国中文信息学会联合主办单位:体育外围-_欢迎您

体育外围lisheng,haerbingongyedaxuejiaoshou、boshishengdaoshi。ziranyuyanchuli(nlp)lingyuzhuanjia、acl zhongshenchengjiujiangdezhu。lishengjiaoshouxianhouzhuchile 10 yuxiangbaokuoyuanhangtiangongyezonggongsi、「863」jihua、guojiazirankexuejijindengkeyanxiangmu,huode 7 xiangbujikejijinbujiang。tazi 1985 niankaishiyanjiuhanyingjiqifanyi,shitiyuwaiweiguozuizaocongshigaifangxiangyanjiudexuezhezhiyi。tadailingtuanduiyanzhidehanyingjiqifanyixitong cemt-i yu 1989 nianchengweitiyuwaiweiguodiyigetongguojishujiandingdehanyingjiqifanyixitong,qizaijiqifanyijishujiqixiangguandejufa、yuyifenxidengziranyuyanchulifangxiangchengjiuzhuozhu,weijiqifanyizaizhongguodefazhanzuochulekaituoxinggongxian。

zuoweizhongguogaigekaifangyilaizuizaocongshiziranyuyanchuliyanjiudexuezhezhiyi,lishengjiaoshouchulezishendekeyanchengjiuyiwai,gengweizhongguojisuanjilingyupeiyangleyipichengjiuzhuozhudeqingnianzhuanjia,baokuo acl shouweihuarenzhuxi、baidugongsijishufuzongcaiwanghaifengboshi,weiruanyazhouyanjiuyuanshouxiyanjiuyuanzhoumingboshi,guojiajieqinghuodezhe、suzhoudaxuejisuanjixueyuanfuyuanzhangzhangminjiaoshoudeng,weizhongguojisuanjijishuyidaiyouyidaidefazhangongxianleliliang。

yixiaweilishengjiaoshoufayanneirong:

体育外围dajiadoutandaoyuyanherengongzhinengdeguanxi,tiyuwaiweishigaoziranyuyanchulide,tiyuwaiweishenqiedilinghuidaocong 16 niankaishizhenzhengxianqidedisancirengongzhinengrechao。shuorengongzhinengduiyuyan、tuxiangheyuyinshibieqidaofantianfudidezuoyong,neihaoxiangkuazhangleyidian,danshiqueshi,rengongzhinengqidaolehendadezuoyong。

体育外围birushuotuxiangshibie,xianzaiyouyuyouleshenduxuexi,youleduocengrengongshenjingwangluozhihou,tiyuwaiweizaizheifangmiandechengguoqueshitufeimengjin,baokuoxianzaideshualianjishu,jibenshangyijingyongzaihenduodifangle,ruchezhan、matou、jichang、wurenshouhuoshangdiandeng。shenjingwangluojiejueleyigehendadewenti,yiwangjinxingtezhengtiqushi,xuyaotongguorengongtiqu,nanduhenda,youleshenduxuexizhihou,jiqizidongtiqutezheng,nanduxiangyingjianxiao。qitaruyuyinshibie、jiqifanyiyedoutufeimengjin,shenduxuexizaizheidangzhongqidaolehendadezuoyong。tiyuwaiweijuedezaituxiangshibie、yuyinshibieheziranyuyanchulidangzhong,jiqifanyisuandeshangshinanduzuidadeyigeyanjiufangxiang。

体育外围suoyitiyuwaiweixiangtanjidiantihui:

第一,语言智能是人工智能的最高层次或者最高阶段,语言智能在未来人工智能的应用上有着举足轻重的作用。

tiyuwaiweiduiyuyanzhinengdelijiejiushi,tashiziranyuyanchuli(nlp)heziranyuyanlijie(nlu)derengongzhinenghua,zheiyinggaishirengongzhinengdezuigaocengci。henduorenshuomuqianzheigeshidai,cv zairengongzhinengzhongchangzhujiao,weilaikenenghuiyou cv zhuancheng nlp,nlp yaochangzhujiao。

体育外围dajiachangshuo,biergaicishuoguoyijuhua,「ziranyuyanchulishirengongzhinenghuangguanshangdeyikemingzhu」。zheijuhuabushibiergaicishuode,dangshitiyuwaiweizailiutinglaoshiketizuguanyuqingganfenxideyigehuishang,weiruanyazhouyanjiuyuanchangwufuyuanzhangzhoumingboshishuolezheijuhua,zhoumingshuoyoutalaishuofenliangbugou,xiangsuanchengtiyuwaiweishuode,tiyuwaiweishuozheiyangbuxing,ranhoutajiubazheijuhuayidaobiergaicishenshangle。dajiaxianzaizhidaole,zheijuhuadezhenzhengchuchubuzaibiergaici。

nlp demubiaoshishixianziranyuyanyujiqiyuyandelianxujiaohu。renjiangdeyuyan,wulunshihanyu、eyu、riyu,doushuyuziranyuyan,jiqinenggoushibiedejiaojiqiyuyan,xianzaidejiaohu,jiyourenherendejiaohu,yeyourenhejiqidejiaohu。tiyuwaiweidemubiaoshishixianziranyuyanyujiqiyuyanzhijiandelijie、zhuanhuanyushengcheng,zheiyeshiweishenmetiyuwaiweirenweiyuyanzhinengshirengongzhinengdezuigaocengci。

yuyanhewenzishirenleiqubieyuqitadongwudezhiguanzhongyaodebiaozhi,tiyuwaiweijuedetaduirenleishehuimuqianfazhanzhishaoqidaoliangfangmianzuoyong。yishidajiadexietonghezuo,biruzaizuogeweijiaoshoubutongketizuzhijiandehezuo,liruhezuoxieyiyeshiyongyuyanwenzijixiade。dierjiushidaiyudaizhijiandewenhuachuancheng,zheiyeshikaowenzi。tiyuwaiweidanrenzhongwenxinxixuehuilishihuilishizhangshi,youxieshaoshuminzumeiyouwenzi,zhiyouyuyan,zheifeichangkexi。

体育外围谈的第二个观点就是自然语言处理的核心问题(或难度最大的问题)是机器翻译。

jiqifanyifenweisangejieduan: diyigejieduanshijiyuguizedejiqifanyi。neigejieduanhuixianbawenzhangzhongdaluandejuzibianchengdanci,zhihouzaichazidian,ranhoujinxingfanyi,fanyizhihou,kenengzhongwengenyingwenbingbuwanquanduiying,xuyaozaianzhaoyufaguizejinxingdiaozheng,zuizhuyaoshidiaoxudewenti。diergejieduanshijiyutongjidejiqifanyi,zai 15、16 nianzhiqian,tiyuwaiweidoushishiyongzheigefangfa。disangejieduanshizuijinjiniandejiyuduocengrengongshenjingwangluodeshenduxuexijiqifanyi。

体育外围jiqifanyizaijinxienianjian,zaizheisangejieduanqishiyoulianggezhongdadebianhua,yishiyufashangde,qiaomusijideshengchengyufalilun,dierjiushishenduxuexi。yuanlaidajiayizhiduiyuyifenxifanchou,danshishenduxuexiyijingkaishiduiyuyifenxijinxingtanxian,dajiazhidaociqianrudefangfa,xianzaibacixiangliangzaijinyibufazhandaojuzixiangliang,hanyouyuyixinxile。zaichuliguochengzhong,duiyudanyuzhong,birushuocihuideyuyixinxi,keyibayuyixiangjindekaozaiyiqi,butongyuzhongdeyuanyuyanhemubiaoyuyandefenbushichulibanfa,yekeyibayuanyuyanhemubiaoyuyanyuyixiangjindeyiqikao。zheigesuiranbunengshuoconggenbenshangjiejuewenti,danshijianqinglerenduiyuyifenxihendadeyouchou。

第三个问题就是机器翻译的难点和重点。

tiyuwaiweihentoutengdeshikexuexingheyishuxing,ruyishuxingdeguilvzenmezongjiechulai。lingwai,ziranyuyanjuyougaodukaifangxinghegaodulinghuoxing。zaikaifangxingshang,ruwangluochuxianyihou,xincibuduanyongxian,lirufensizheigecihui。zailinghuoxingfangmian,keyizijisuibianquzuci,zheixiexinzuchengdeciyehenrangrentouteng。

yuyilijieshuobailejiushiduishuohuarenyitudelijie。yitulijieyushangxiawenyouguanxi,danshiyuyanbenshencunzaiqiyixingheduoyangxing,lingwai,yuyangaoduyilaizhishi,dajiadouzhidaochangshizhishi,lirumeiqiushiheide,yuanxiaoshibaide,xiaohaizichangshuo,「diqiurendouzhidao」,danshijiqibuzhidao。lingwaihaiyoulingyuzhishi,shangxiawen、yuyan、huanjingdengdouhuiyingxiangduiyuyidezhunquelijie。shijishangzaiduoduiduodefanyizhong,genjudangqiandeyujingzhaochuyizhongzuiweiheshideyiwen,tiyuwaiweijuedezheishigenanti。

第四个问题,人工智能也好,机器智能也好,人类对他们有个共同要求——学习和求解问题的能力。

rendexuexishimeiwentide,huiguyixia,renzaixiaoshihoukenengshipingganxingrenshi,huozhezhijiexuexibijiaoduo。kandaoyizhimao,mamahuigaosunizheishizhimao,huijiniliuxiayinxiang,nihuichouxiangchugainian。daolegongyuankandaolaohu,laohuhemaozhangdechabuduo。xiaohaihuiwen,zheishibushiyeshimao,mamajiugaosuni,zheibushimao,zheishilaohu。zenmequbielaohuhemaoni?zuiqimalaohudegetoubimaoda。xiaohaizitabuyidingnengjitaiduo,jizhuzheigejiujibenshanghuiqufenle。

体育外围duiyuxuexi,renyikaishitongguoganxingrenshi,jiganzhi,jinxingzizhuxuexi,daoleyidingjieduan,tajiucongjiazhangdebuduanjiaodao、laoshijiangdekechenghuozhecongmeitishangjiechuxindongxi,buduanjileizhishi,zheishijianjiezhishi。

qianmianzheizhongxuexifangfajiaowujianduxuexi,houmianzheizhongxuexifangfajiaojianduxuexi。rendexuexishixiaoyangbenxuexi,jiangwujianduxuexihejianduxuexijieheqilai,erjiqixianzaixuyaoyilaidaliangbiaozhushujulaijinxingxuexi,jijianduxuexi,liruqianmianmiaoshudetuxiangshibie,jiushitongguodaliangdebiaozhutuxiangbuduanxuexi。jiqixuexixiangduiyurendexuexilaishuo,shouxiantaiduo。

体育外围yourenshuotiyuwaiweixianzaizouzaiganzhidaorenzhidelushang,zaiganzhiwentishang,bunengshuodadewentijibenshangjiejue,danyijingjiejueleyibufen。zairenzhijieduan,xingchengduiyuyideshencenglijienanduhaibijiaoda,zheishijisuanjixiayibuyaofazhande。

体育外围rengongzhinengtufeimengjin,jiejuelehenduoguoquxiangdoubuganxiangdeguanjianwenti,danzheizhishichubude,tahaiyouhaoduojiejuebuledezhimingwenti,birufangcaisuoshuodechangshizhishi,yijisikaoheluojituilidewenti,zheiduijiqixuexiyeshiyizhongzhiyue。tiyuwaiweirenleiyoulezhishizhihou,keyibuduantuilihesikao,danshirengongzhinengxianzaihaibujubeisiweihetuilinengli,tebieshibujubeiqianmianshuodechangshixingzhishi。

tiyuwaiweideguandianjiushi,ruguobunengjiejuechangshixingwentiheluojituili,yaoxiangshixiantongyongrengongzhinenghuozhejiqirenzhi,jiuhuifeichangkunnan。xianzaideyanjiuyinggaizaizheifangmianduoxiaxiegongfu。suishuoxianzaiyeyousikaoduiyuyidelijie,biru 18 nian 10 yue,gugetuichule bert shuangxiangbianmayuyanmoxing,danzheigemoxingxiaohaodeziyuandaijiahaishibijiaogaode。

lingwai,shenduxuexiqueshijiejuelerengongzhinengdehenduowenti,danshichuleshenduxuexizhiwai,haikeyitantaoqitarengongzhinengdesuanfahemoxing。tiyuwaiweixuyaozuogengduodeshendudelilunyanjiuhetantao,zhangwohaohexinjishu。lilunshenruzhihoucainengyoujishu,youlejishuzhihoucainengyousuanfahemoxing。

最后一个问题就是大家常谈到的问题,过去也说了很多。「机器会消灭人类」,「机器将取代人」,尤其是以不久前去世的霍金为代表的许多人主张这一观点。体育外围从来就持相反的观点,体育外围认为机器代替不了人。

体育外围xianzaiderengongzhinenghaizhishiruorengongzhineng,bushiqiangrengongzhineng,yebushichaoqiangrengongzhineng。xianzairengongzhinengdezuoyong,haishiyongjiqidaitijiandande、zhongfudeyijiweixianxingdelaodong,xiangyaojiejuezhaobudaoguilvdewenti,rengongzhinenghaibunengzuodao,yedaitibuleren。renyaojinliangyonghaojiqizheigezhushou,zirudiyunyonghaojiqi,zheiyangjikeyitigaogongzuoxiaolv,yekeyibaozhengzhiliang。

jintiandajiatandaowaiyujiaoxue,tiyuwaiweijuederengongzhinengduiwaiyulaoshihewaiyuzhuanyedexueshengdoubuhuiyoutaidadeyingxiang。dishuipingtaotaishiziranguilv,lirujiangbuhaode,meiyoukeyannenglidejiaoshi,gaitaotaijiudebeitaotai。yuanlaidajiazhenglunzuiduodeshiyisheng,shuoyishengyaobeitaotai,yishengyujiaoshiyiyang,shihennanbeitaotaide。yiliaoyingxiangzhenduanhaidekaoshuipinggaodeyishenglaikan。

baokuotiyuwaiweiqianmianshuodefanyi,yeshiyiyang,tiyuwaiweijuedezuihaodefanyi、zuihaodejiaoshiheyisheng,yidingshineixieduirengongzhinengxitonghuozhejiaoyujiqishenrulejie,nengyunyongziruderen。bazheixiezuoweifuzhushouduan,shuipinghuiyuelaiyuegao,xiaoguohuiyuelaiyuehao。bushisheitaotaisheidewenti,jiqiyongyuanshirendegongju。

附 语言智能与社会发展论坛 2018 宣言: 语言智能与外语教育协同发展

序言

jinnianlai,jiqifanyidengyuyanzhinengjishuxunmengfazhan,bingkaishizaiyulunzhongduirengongwaiyutiyuwaiweixingchengchongji。yishijian,yuyanzhinengjishuluodi、waiyujiaoyucunfeijitouruduoguadeng,chengweishehuireyidehuati,yechengweiguojiajiaoyuguihuahejishuguihuazhongjixumianduidewenti。

原则

benluntanxiangxin:

1.yuyanzhinengjishudefazhanjiangjidadituijinrenleijinbu,shehuiyingdangzhangkaishuangbeiyongbaoyuyanzhineng,zhichiyuyanzhinengdefazhan,shiyingyuyanzhinengdefazhan,zuidaxiandudicongyuyanzhinengdefazhanzhonghuoqushehuixiaoyi,zuidaxiandudibimianyuyanzhinengduishehuichanshengdefuzuoyong。

2.yuyanheyuyanxuexishirenzhisuoyiweiren、tishengzhilihedanaogongnengdeguanjian。yuyanzhinengyebushidanchundejiqizhineng,ershiyirenleiyuyannengliweijichu、shixianzengqiangyuhuliandeshendurenjijiehedezonghezhinengxingwei。yuyanzhinengzaiqifazhanlichengzhongyelibukaiyuyanxuedejichuzhicheng。yinerzaijishufazhan、zhuanyejiaoyudengfangmian,buyingqingshirenleiyuyanzhishi、yuyannenglidegenbenzuoyong。

benluntanjianchi:

体育外围1.zuoweigongjudeyuyanzhinengjishuwufatidaiwaiyucongyezhe,danduibuzhangwozhinenggongjudewaiyucongyezhehuidailaichongji。

2.yuyanzhinengfazhanyingyirenweiben,yigongzhongfuzhiweimubiao,yingzunzhongshehuilunlihekejilunli,chengdanqishehuizeren。

体育外围3.waiyujiaoyu(baokuodieryuyanjiaoyu)yingyushijujin,jiangyuyanzhinengdetiaozhanzuoweizhuanxingfazhandeqiji。jianchiyuyanjiaoyudegongjuxing、renwenxingdeshuangzhongshuxing,zhongshiyuyanyunyongnengli、kuawenhuajiaojinenglihewenhuabaorongxindejiaoyu,zhongshiyuyanzhinengjishudexuexiyuyingyong,peiyangbutongwenhuajiandechuanxingzhe。

倡议

体育外围tiyuwaiweixuyaolengjingdi、lixingdiyucejiqifanyidengyuyanzhinengjishudefazhanweilai,kexueguliangtazaifanyishiwudangzhongjiangfahuidezuoyong,youxiaobangzhuguojiazhidingfuheshijidewaiyufazhanguihua,bangzhuwaiyucongyezhezuohaoxinlizhunbei,zhudongshiyingxinxingshi。

benluntanchangyi,waiyujiaoyumianduiyuyanzhinengshidaidechongjihetiaozhan,weizishenfazhanhexueshengqiantuji,yingdangquanlishiyingrenjigongcundeyuyanshenghuoxingtai,chongfenliyongyuyangongjudegemingxingbianhua,gexinjiaoxuefanshiherencaipeiyanglujing,zengqiangshoujiaoyuzhezhinenggongjudeshiyongnengli,bangzhuqiguohaozhinengshidaidewaiyushenghuo。

jiqifanyidengyuyanzhinengjishudefazhanheshijian,buyingyebukenengmouqiuquanmiantidairenleidewaiyunengli,zaigonggongxuanchuan、kepuyanshizhong,yuyanzhinengxuejiehechanyejieyingdangshishiqiushidibaogaoyuyanzhinengdefazhanxianshi,bukuadayuyanzhinengjishudexianyouxingneng,buzuoquefakexueyijudezhanwang,bunengduirenleidewaiyugongzuozaochengkonghuang,bunengduirenleidewaiyushiyeguihuazaochengxingshiwupan。

yuyanzhinengdefazhanbingchengyirenweizhongxindefazhanguan,buduanxianggengshencengciyugengguangfanweiderenjihuzhu、renjigongchuqianjin,shizhichengweijinyibutishengrenleiyuyannenglihegoutongnengli、ningjushequnxinling、ronghuishijiezhishidegongju。yuyanzhinengyuwaiyujiaoyuxietongfazhan,gongtongjinbu,zhulirenleimingyungongtongtidexingcheng。

体育外围huyuyuyanzhinengjie、lunlixuejiejishehuiyouguanjiebiejiyoushirenshi,chengli“yuyanzhinenglunliweiyuanhui”,baozhengyuyanzhinengzaifuherenleilunlidekuangjianeifazhan,huadingyuyanzhinengjishuyingyongdedaodebianjiehefalvbianjie。


体育外围-_欢迎您 德甲联赛下注_网址 德甲联赛下注_网址 德甲联赛下注_网址 德甲联赛下注_网址 贝博游戏平台|体育外围 贝博游戏平台|体育外围